In a democratic system of the representative type, the division of the territory for electoral purposes takes on vital importance for the operation of the electoral system as this division ensures the representation of electors, grouped in electoral divisions.
In Québec, the Election Act provides a framework for the process for establishing the boundaries of electoral divisions, and since 1979 this responsibility has been entrusted to the Commission de la représentation électorale (CRE), an independent standing commission.
This organization has also been mandated to ensure the application of the chapters of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities as well as of the Act respecting School Elections dealing with the division of the territories into electoral districts and divisions. In addition, the CRE carries out any other mandate that the National Assembly may entrust this organization with.
In the performance of its duties, the CRE acts in a neutral and impartial manner. Its decisions are without appeal.