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Fields and types of activities

Over the years, the Directeur général des élections du Québec has acquired a recognized expertise in the development and promotion of electoral and democratic processes. The approach favoured by the Directeur général des élections du Québec in the international cooperation field is geared to dialogue as well as to the sharing of experience and expertise. These elements have multiplier effects and positive spin-offs for the development and consolidation of democracy around the world.

The Directeur général des élections du Québec puts his experience and know-how at the disposal of electoral administrations and international organizations. The initiatives of the Directeur général des élections du Québec take a variety of forms: technical assistance measures, missions to analyze and evaluate electoral needs and capacities, electoral observation missions, hosting foreign visitors and training seminars.

The cooperation activities of the Directeur général des élections du Québec deal with the entire electoral process. They take place during pre-election, election and post-election periods. Here is a summary of the main elements of which may be defined as follows:

1. Strengthening of electoral processes during a pre-election period

  • Setting up of a permanent electoral structure.
  • Division of the territory for electoral purposes.
  • Financing of political parties.
  • Education in democracy.

2. Strengthening of electoral processes during an election period

  • Technical assistance for electoral operations.
  • Registration of candidates.
  • Registration of electors and revision of the list of electors.
  • Training of election officers.
  • Informing electors.
  • Training and providing information to candidates and political parties on financing rules.
  • Organization of an election evening.
  • Electoral observation.

3. Strengthening of electoral processes during a post-election period

  • Technical assistance for operations related to the audit of election expense returns.

Types of electoral assistance missions

The Directeur général des élections du Québec has carried out almost 200 electoral assistance missions around the world since 1985. The majority of these missions have taken place in French-speaking Africa. Basically, there are four types of missions: