In Québec, political financing and the control of election expenses are subject to principles of fairness and transparency.
The rules on financing and on political contributions apply only to municipalities with a population of 5,000 or more (municipalities subject to Chapter XIII of the AERM).
The principle of fairness is given tangible form by offering all candidates and parties the possibility of obtaining financial means to express themselves while reserving for electors the right to make contributions.
This principle is also reflected in the limiting of election expenses, thereby offering all candidates an equal chance of being elected.
As for the principle of transparency, it is given tangible form in the filing of financial reports and returns of election expenses, the data of which are made public.
Here is a summary of the rules governing financing and the control of election expenses:
These principles are formulated, for the municipalities and certain RCMs, in the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities.