The election of municipal councillors ensures the electors of a municipality representation within the municipal council.
In most municipalities with a population of over 20 000, the councillors represent the electors of a specific electoral district, delimited by the municipality according to the criteria set out in the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities. (sections 11 to 12.0.1 of the Act).
A municipality with a population of less than 20 000 may choose to divide its territory into electoral districts. If the municipality does not do so, 6 to 8 councillors will be elected and will represent all of the electors of the municipality.
The number of electoral districts of a municipality depends on its population.
Texts of sections 9 to 12.0.01 of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities