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Process for the delimitation of provincial electoral divisions

Commission de la représentation électorale

The mandate of the Commission de la représentation électorale (CRE) is to define the boundaries of the electoral divisions pursuant to the Election Act. The adoption of an electoral map takes place in several stages defined by the Act. During some of these stages, individuals, elected members and organizations are invited to take part in the work of the CRE. The following section presents a summary of these work stages.

Preparation of a proposal by the Commission de la représentation électorale and tabling of a preliminary report

The Commission de la représentation électorale (CRE) makes a new delimitation of the electoral divisions after the second general election that follows the last delimitation. With this goal in mind, the Commission prepares a proposal that is the subject of a preliminary report. This report is submitted to the President or the Secretary General of the National Assembly within twelve months following the last general election.

Public consultation and tabling of the report indicating the delimitation of electoral divisions

The preliminary report must be made public immediately. To ensure an adequate diffusion of its proposal, the CRE endeavors to reach the greatest possible number of Quebecers by means of an information and publicity campaign.

Within six months following the tabling of its preliminary report, the CRE, after having given notice, hears Members of the National Assembly, individuals and organizations during public hearings held in various regions of Québec. The CRE may, if it deems necessary, benefit from an additional four-month period to hear the various stakeholders on one or more proposals to amend its preliminary report.

The preliminary report and, where applicable, any amendment proposal are also submitted to the Committee on the National Assembly for examination. All the Members of the National Assembly may take part in the debates of this parliamentary committee.

The CRE then carefully analyzes the representations that were made and endeavors to take them into account, while respecting the criteria set by the law. The Commission then submits its report.

Examination by the National Assembly of the report indicating the boundaries of the electoral divisions

The CRE must table in the National Assembly its report indicating the boundaries of the electoral divisions.

Within five days following the tabling, this report must be the subject of a debate limited to five hours. All Members of the National Assembly are members of the Committee on the National Assembly for the needs of this debate.

Final establishment of the boundaries of the electoral divisions

Not later than the 10th day following the debate, the CRE establishes the boundaries of the electoral divisions and assigns names to them after having obtained the opinion of the Commission de toponymie.

The CRE publishes in the Gazette officielle du Québec the names and the boundaries of the electoral divisions and draws up a map illustrating them.

The new boundaries of the electoral divisions published in the Gazette officielle du Québec enter into force upon dissolution of the National Assembly, unless the dissolution occurs before the expiry of a three-month period following the publication of the list of electoral divisions.

The CRE must then take the necessary steps to ensure the best possible diffusion among the public of the new delimitation of the electoral divisions and, in particular, the changes made in relation to the previous delimitation.