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Constitutional protection

The right to vote and the right to run for election are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (adopted in April 1982), which states in Section 3:

3. Every citizen of Canada has the right to vote in an election of members of the House of Commons or of a legislative assembly and to be qualified for membership therein.

These rights are also protected by the Québec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms: The right to vote and run for election.

22. Every person legally capable and qualified has the right to be a candidate and to vote at an election.

1975, c. 6, a. 22.