Often described as a means to converting the electorate’s votes into seats in the National Assembly, Québec’s electoral system may also be defined as the set of rules and procedures that determine the conditions of election of parliamentary representatives.
From a legal standpoint, Québec’s electoral system is based on a number of laws, including the Election Act, the Referendum Act, the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities, and the Act respecting school elections.
Foremost among these laws is the Election Act, which establishes the rules for the conduct of by-elections and general elections. Accordingly, it imposes certain limits on the measures that may be taken by participants during an election period.
The Election Act also sets out the mechanisms through which electors elect their representatives. Finally, it establishes clear rules for political financing and the control of election expenses.