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Characteristics of the election financing

See field: provincial, municipal

In Québec, political financing and the control of election expenses are subject to principles of fairness and transparency.

Principle of fairness

Under the principle of equity, all candidates are offered the chance of obtaining the financial means they need to express their opinions, but the right to make contributions is reserved for electors only.

This principle is also reflected in the limiting of election expenses, thereby offering all candidates an equal chance of being elected.

Principle of transparency

As for the principle of transparency, it is given tangible form in the filing of financial reports and returns of election expenses, the data of which are made public.

Main rules

Here is a summary of the rules governing financing and the control of election expenses:

  • an authorization is required to collect contributions, incur expenses or contract loans;
  • only electors have the right to make contributions;
  • the election expenses of candidates are limited;
  • the public must be informed of the sources of financing and the expenses by way of reports and returns.

These principles are formulated in the Act respecting school elections.