The rules of school financing may be summed up by four characteristics:
- It is necessary to obtain an authorization to be able to collect contributions and incur election expenses. For example, a person who undertakes to be an independent candidate in municipal elections can obtain an authorization from us beginning on January 1st of an election year.
- Only electors can make contributions to candidates, and only out of their own property. These contributions are limited, per year, to a sum of $300 per person who submitted his nomination paper. In addition to the contributions received from electors, an authorized candidate may, during the fiscal year of the election, make a contribution whose total does not exceed $700, for their own benefit.
- Once the election period has begun, a sum of money, goods or services used to promote or oppose, directly or indirectly, a candidate is an election expense. Election expenses are limited by the Act so that the candidates running for the same position have similar means to carry out their election activities.
- Out of a concern for transparency, authorized independent candidates must file financial reports which notably make it possible to find out their sources of financing. Within a time limit stipulated by the Act, candidates must also file a return of election expenses after the election. All of these reports and returns are submitted to the director general of the school board and are public documents; this includes the list of all the individuals who made contributions of over $100.
Authorized election expenses are reimbursed in full if a candidate was elected or received at least 15% of the votes cast in his electoral district.
To learn more about the characteristics of school financing >>
What the Act says >>
Contributions: art. 206.17 to 206.25 LES
Election expenses: art. 206.33 to 206.40 LES
Financial reports and election expenses: art. 209, 209.1 and 209.4 LES