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Qualified voter at a referendum

You are a qualified voter if, on the date of reference, namely the date corresponding to the passage by the municipal council of a by-law, a resolution or an ordinance which is the subject of a referendum, you meet the following requirements:

  • are 18 years of age;
  • are a Canadian citizen;
  • are not under curatorship;
  • have not been found guilty of an offence that is a corrupt electoral practice.

And at that same date, you meet one of the following two conditions:

  • be domiciled in the municipality or, as the case may be, in the sector concerned, and have been domiciled in Québec for at least six months;
  • have been, for at least 12 months, the owner of an immovable or the occupant of a business establishment situated on the territory of the municipality or, as the case may be, in the sector concerned.

A qualified voter who is not domiciled in the municipality or, as the case may be, in the sector concerned, but who is the owner of an immovable or the occupant of a business establishment situated on the territory of the municipality or, as the case may be, in the sector concerned, must transmit a signed writing to the municipality asking to have his name added to the referendum list.

Persons who are co-owners of an immovable or co-occupants of a business establishment must designate from among themselves, by means of a power of attorney sent to the municipality, only one person who can be entered on the referendum list.

A special provision applies at the time of a referendum: every legal person (for example a company or a union) which, on the date of reference, has been for at least 12 months the owner of an immovable or the occupant of a business establishment situated on the territory of the municipality or, as the case may be, in the sector concerned, is also a qualified voter. A legal person qualified to vote exercises its rights through one of its members, directors or employees whom it designates by resolution. The designated person must, on the date of reference and at the time of voting, be of legal age and be a Canadian citizen, and not be under curatorship or have been found guilty of a corrupt electoral practice.