In this section
Changes made to the electoral map
There are 125 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 2018 general election.
This map, which includes 125 electoral divisions, was used for the 2012 and 2014 general elections.
There are 125 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 2003, 2007 and 2008 general elections.
There are 125 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1994 and 1998 general elections and the 1995 referendum.
Following a ruling by the Supreme Court of Canada, a new principle is used to guide the boundaries of electoral divisions: effective representation. The boundaries of electoral divisions are now redrawn once two general elections were held since the electoral map was last drawn.
The Election Act (R.S.Q., c. E-3.3) replaces the Act respecting electoral representation.
The new electoral map increases the number of electoral divisions from 122 to 125. It was used for the 1989 general election and the 1992 referendum.
The Act respecting electoral representation establishes a minimum of 122 and a maximum of 125 electoral divisions. The number of electors per electoral division is no longer listed in the Act. It is now determined by dividing the total number of electors by the number of electoral divisions.
This map, which has 122 electoral divisions, was used for the 1985 general election.
As of January 1, 1983, the Commission de la représentation électorale (CRE) consists of the Chief Electoral Officer who is also the Chair, and two commissioners appointed by the Assemblée nationale. These officers are selected by the Premier and must be approved by two-thirds vote of the members of the Assemblée nationale. The Chief Electoral Officer must provide professional and technical support to the CRE.
The new electoral map established by the CRE increases the number of electoral divisions from 110 to 122. It was used for the 1981 general election.
The Commission de la représentation électorale (CRE) is founded. The CRE is tasked with delimiting electoral divisions based on new boundary criteria that take into account voting equality between electors. The CRE is also tasked with naming the electoral divisions following consultation with the Commission de toponymie. Mechanisms are implemented to ensure consultation between MNAs, citizens and organizations interested in the delineation of electoral divisions. The CRE is composed of the Director General for Representation and two commissioners, one of whom may be the Chief Electoral Officer.
The Standing Commission on Reform of the Electoral Districts (SCRED) is entrusted with the responsibility of implementing certain legal provisions related to the delimitation of municipal electoral districts.
The new electoral map proposed by the SCRED increases the number of electoral divisions from 108 to 110. It was used for the 1973 and 1976 general elections and the 1980 referendum.
Establishment of the Standing Commission on Reform of the Electoral Districts (SCRED), an advisory body responsible for delimiting the electoral divisions according to certain criteria established by law. This body is composed of the Chief Electoral Officer and two other members appointed by the Assemblée nationale on the proposal of the Prime Minister.
Section 80 of the British North America Act, which had permitted the existence of “protected counties” since 1867, is abolished.
The new electoral map, drawn up for the first time by an independent commission of the Legislative Assembly, increases the number of electoral divisions from 95 to 108. It was used for the 1966 and 1970 general elections.
On January 15, 1962, a committee of non-parliamentary experts, chaired by Fernand Grenier, was mandated by the government to carry out a preliminary study for the revision of the electoral map. The committee’s report contains several measures to improve the revision of the electoral map. It proposed the adoption of set criteria for the delimitation of electoral divisions and recommended that this responsibility be entrusted to an independent body.
This map, which includes 95 electoral divisions, was used for the 1960 and 1962 general elections.
There are 93 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1956 general election.
This map, which includes 92 electoral divisions, was used for the 1948 and 1952 general elections.
There are 92 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1944 general election.
This map, with 87 electoral divisions, was used for the 1939 general election.
There are 91 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1931, 1935 and 1936 general elections.
This map, which includes 86 electoral divisions, was used for the 1923 and 1927 general elections.
There are 82 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1912, 1916 and 1919 general elections.
There are 75 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the general elections of 1897, 1900, 1904 and 1908.
This map, which includes 74 electoral divisions, was used for the 1890 and 1892 general elections.
With the proclamation of the British North America Act (BNA Act), Québec regained its own parliamentary institutions. The Assembly may now proceed with the delimitation of electoral divisions in the province. However, under section 80 of the BNA Act, 12 electoral divisions are protected: they may only be changed with the agreement of an absolute majority of the Members who represent them.
There are 68 divisions on this map. It was used for the general elections of 1867, 1871, 1875, 1878, 1881 and 1886.
This map, which includes 68 electoral divisions, was used for the 1861 and 1863 general elections.
There are 64 electoral divisions on this map. It was used for the 1857 general election.
This map, with 62 electoral divisions, was used for the 1854 general election.
The Act of Union introduced significant changes to electoral representation in Lower Canada. Upper and Lower Canada each elect 42 members of Parliament under a single legislature. Each electoral division is represented by one Member, except for the cities of Montreal and Québec, which retained two representatives each. This approach was not applied methodically and opened the door to arbitrary changes. Under Governor Lord Sydenham for example, section 21 was used to establish the boundaries of Montreal and Québec, as well as Trois-Rivières and Sherbrooke, for electoral purposes.
There are now 40 electoral divisions on the map. It was used for the general elections of 1841, 1844, 1847 and 1851.
The delimitation of electoral divisions is carried out by the legislative branch rather than the executive branch. Particular standards of representation guide the division of this map: each electoral division is represented by one member of the provincial parliament if it has a population of “one thousand souls”, and by two members if it has a population of “four thousand souls”. If it has less than “one thousand souls”, it was to be merged with a neighbouring division with the “smallest number of souls”.
This map, which includes 46 electoral divisions, was used for the 1830 and 1834 general elections.
In accordance with Article 14 of the Constitutional Act of 1791, Lieutenant-Governor Alured Clarke draws up the first electoral map without any standardization. The map has 27 electoral divisions and 50 Members of Parliament are elected. This map was used for the general elections of 1792, 1796, 1800, 1804, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1814, 1816, 1820 (twice), 1824 and 1827.
The use of electoral maps in general elections
|Year the electoral map was drawn||Number of electoral divisions||Electoral events|
|2017||125||General election of 2018 and the following election|
|2011||125||General elections of 2012 and 2014|
|2001||125||2003, 2007 and 2008 general elections|
|1992||125||General elections of 1994 and 1998
|1988||125||1989 general election
|1985||122||1985 general election|
|1980||122||1981 general election|
|1972||110||General elections of 1973 and 1976
|1965||108||General elections of 1966 and 1970|
|1960||95||General elections of 1960 and 1962|
|1954||93||1956 general election|
|1945||92||General elections of 1948 and 1952|
- COMMISSION PERMANENTE DE LA RÉFORME DES DISTRICTS ÉLECTORAUX. Rapport de la Commission permanente de la réforme des districts électoraux, Québec, mars 1972, 226 p.
- DIRECTEUR GÉNÉRAL DES ÉLECTIONS DU QUÉBEC. Cinquante ans au cœur de la démocratie : Le Directeur général des élections et l’évolution de la législation électorale de 1945 à 1995, Sainte-Foy, Études électorales, juin 1996, 53 p.
- DIRECTEUR GÉNÉRAL DES ÉLECTIONS DU QUÉBEC. La toponymie électorale au fil de l’histoire de la carte électorale du Québec, Sainte-Foy, Études électorales, 1985, 157 p.