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Research, projects, studies, and surveys

Internet voting


We want the introduction of Internet voting in Québec to be a gradual and careful process. Our approach aims to make voting even more accessible, in a safe and secure environment.

In this section


The introduction of Internet voting is aligned with various other measures designed to facilitate voting access. The aim is to provide electors with a new voting option.

We are currently in the early stages of introducing Internet voting in Québec. Multiple pilot projects will precede the implementation of a proven digital solution for provincial elections, managed by Élections Québec. We plan to conduct a first test during the 2025 municipal elections.

Additional trials will follow in subsequent years. A second test could be conducted during the 2026 provincial elections.

Five fundamental principles

Our approach is based on five fundamental principles.

An accessible election system is fair and open to all electors. The right to vote is exercised under consistent conditions, in a manner free from discrimination. All electors can exercise this right independently.

Electors can exercise the right to vote without influence or constraint, and with complete freedom and independence of mind, belief, opinion, and will. Internet voting will not replace other voting methods; it represents an additional option.

Voters’ choices remain anonymous. Votes cannot be traced to an individual elector.

Election results properly reflect the will of the electorate. An individual elector can only cast the number of votes allowed by law. The elector’s identity is verified. His or her vote cannot be changed.

Electors and other election stakeholders can monitor the integrity of each step in the voting process. They understand election proceedings and can confirm that effective verification mechanisms are in place.

These five principles are fundamental to democratic elections. They reflect the spirit of Québec’s electoral legislation and all election proceedings. They constitute international standards.

These principles will guide each step we take toward introducing Internet voting in Québec. This new voting option will be assessed based on how well it complies with them.

2025 pilot project

Subject to certain conditions, we want to conduct an initial pilot project during the 2025 municipal elections. For instance, this trial may involve:

  • Working with an external company to implement a digital solution that meets our requirements.
  • Testing the selected digital solution with a portion of the municipal electorate.
  • Establishing a testing framework based on shared responsibility between the Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l’Habitation, the selected municipalities and Élections Québec.

Completing this initial pilot project will involve a series of steps. They include issuing a call for expressions of interest (in French), with a view to identifying solutions currently on the market that may meet our requirements. We will also need to select a supplier and draft a tripartite agreement with the participating municipalities.

Study in the Québec context

For more information on Internet voting, see the study (PDF) we released on the topic in June 2020. It discusses voting trials conducted in Canada and elsewhere in the world. The document includes the results of the consultations we conducted in 2019, in which all Quebecers were invited to participate. A summary (PDF) of the study is also available.

Available documents

Documents related to the call for expressions of interest

Documents related to the study

Documents related to the fall 2019 consultation

Documents submitted during the consultation

Most of these documents are in French.

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